Early Stage of Periodontal Disease: Gingivitis

Early Stage of Periodontal Disease: Gingivitis from Summit Periodontics & Dental Implants in Summit, NJYou have probably heard a lot about gum disease and the effects it can have on your oral health. Dentists emphasize the importance of preventing it much like they do avoiding cavities. Gum problems can be gradual and at first not appear or feel so serious. Early on, gum disease is known as gingivitis. If you can identify it at this stage and start to treat it, you can avoid the more serious issues that come with periodontal disease.

How to keep gums healthy

The pink tissue in the mouth, known as gums, plays a crucial role in oral health. Gums hold the teeth in place and act as a shield against invading bacteria. When gum disease hits, the gums can recede, pull away from the teeth, and become infected. This can eventually cause tooth and bone loss. The infection plaguing the gums can also spread throughout the body.

There are effective ways to maintain the good health of gums. The first step is to brush and floss regularly. Brushing should occur at least twice a day with a fluoride-based toothpaste. Flossing needs to happen daily. The floss should get in between each tooth and remove food particles and debris. It is also a good idea to rinse with an antiseptic mouthwash every day.

Bleeding gums

It is not out of the ordinary for a person to notice their gums bleeding. Infrequent, minor bleeding may not be a big concern. As the gums bleed more regularly, gingivitis has begun. This beginning stage of gum disease usually includes bleeding while the person is brushing or flossing.

Gum tenderness

Healthy gums are firm, but when gum disease attacks, the gums can become tender. Touching them may cause some pain and discomfort. It can be especially uncomfortable if something such as a fork or dental tool pokes them. Brushing may irritate them as well.

Change in color

When gums are in good condition, the individual will notice a pinkish color. As gum disease progresses, the gums will turn a deeper red. The redder the gums are, the more extensive the disease is becoming. The gums may also be puffy.

Bad breath

Not all signs of gingivitis are visible. Some come in other forms, and others may notice them. At this stage, gum disease can produce bad breath. This occurs because of bacteria buildup and the start of infection. Often, it will be someone close to the person that points this out. It can be embarrassing for the patient, though there are treatments to help with this problem.

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Notice the signs of gum disease and then act

Many people struggle with gingivitis. It is a common form of gum disease that is often mild. However, untreated, it can develop and progress into a more serious form known as periodontitis. Being aware of the signs and symptoms of this disease can help you know when it is time to get help. If you believe you have gum issues, call a periodontist today.

Request an appointment or call Summit Periodontics & Dental Implants at 908-219-6664 for an appointment in our Summit office.

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